- Title page
- 1: Relationships, roles and responsibilities
- 2 : Appointing and maintaining an effective board
- 3: Participating in setting the expectations and direction for entities
- 4: How can your monitoring department assist you?
- Appendix 1: How Crown entities fit into the public sector
- Appendix 2: Information for Crown entity companies
Who are the key players?
The diagram below shows the relationships between key players with responsibilities and interests relating to individual Crown entities, followed by descriptions.
May have a variety of interests in a Crown entity, for example as a client or service recipient, as a funder (through specific levies and charges or general taxes) and/or as a member of regulated groups and industries.
Establishes, disestablishes, merges or changes functions of Crown entities through legislation; agrees much of the Crown funding through the budget process; scrutinises entity performance (e.g. via Select Committee processes) - among other roles.
Office of the Auditor-General (OAG):
Statutory auditor of all public entities, including Crown entities. Scrutinises Crown entity accountability, reporting and performance information on behalf of Parliament.
Oversees and manages the Crown's interest in the entity, and exercises statutory responsibilities and powers relating to the entity. Is answerable to Parliament for the performance of the entity (including by presenting entity strategic planning, annual performance and reporting information).
The governing body of the entity, with the authority to exercise its powers and perform its functions, makes decisions about its operations and appoints its chief executive (where applicable). It is accountable for entity performance.
Supports the responsible Minister to fulfil his/her role and undertakes other statutory functions such as administering appropriations and legislation as required. Monitoring is the process whereby you obtain independent advice, usually via the monitoring department, about a Crown entity's performance and how any risks will be managed.
Minister of Finance (MoF) & Minister of State Services (MoSS):
Provide system-wide oversight of Crown entities' performance (through Finance and State Services portfolios, and as part of Cabinet), e.g. the Minister of State Services has information gathering powers and the Minister of Finance has powers in relation to accountability documentation and financial provisions for entities. MoF and MoSS have a statutory power to jointly issue directions to Crown entities that support a whole of government approach.
The State Services Commission (SSC) and the Treasury:
The SSC and the Treasury jointly administer the Crown Entities Act. The SSC is responsible for Parts 1 (preliminary provisions), 2 (establishment and governance), 3 (operation), and 5 (miscellaneous), and the Treasury is responsible for Part 4 (reporting and financial obligations). Under the State Sector Act, the SSC also provides advice to Crown entities on integrity and conduct, in addition to a range of other functions (see further information in chapter 1 on Relationships, Roles and Responsibilities).